Origins of the Gender Wage: Gender Differences in Pay in the Adolescent Labor Market

Award Year


Grant Type

Early Career Research Award


The gender wage gap is among the most durable and most the most studied characteristics of the labor market. Yet, most studies focus on the adult labor market, excluding the substantial population of teenagers in the United States who work while still in school. This project focuses exclusively on the teenage labor force, particularly those between the ages of 12 and 16, and explores gender differences in pay in the early labor markets. Research topics examined include the point or age at which the gender wage gap emerges, and how these gender differences in pay during the early years translate into the adult gender wage gap. The study uses data for 12-16 year old workers from both the United States and other industrialized countries for comparison.