Publication Date



Upjohn Institute Working Paper No. 04-108

**Published Version**

In Journal of Comparative Economics 33(2): 300-323 (2005).




We estimate the impact of schooling on monthly earnings from 1950 to 2000 in Romania. Nearly constant at about 3-4 percent during the socialist period, the coefficient on schooling in a conventional earnings regression rises steadily during the 1990s, reaching 8.5 percent by 2000. Our analysis finds little evidence for either the standard explanations of such an increase in the West (labor supply movements, product demand shifts, technical change) or the transition-specific accounts sometimes offered (wage liberalization, border opening, increased quality of education). But we find some support for institutional and organizational explanations, particularly the high productivity of education in restructuring and entrepreneurial activities in a disequilibrium environment.

Issue Date

November 2004


Support from the Swedish Research Council and the European Community's Fifth Framework Program.

Subject Areas

EDUCATION; INTERNATIONAL ISSUES; International labor comparisons; Transition economies


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Andrén, Daniela, John S. Earle, and Dana Sapatoru. 2004. "The Wage Effects of Schooling under Socialism and in Transition: Evidence from Romania, 1950-2000." Upjohn Institute Working Paper No. 04-108. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.