Investing in Kids: Early Childhood Programs and Local Economic Development
Early childhood programs, if designed correctly, pay big economic dividends down the road because they increase the skills of their participants. And since many of those participants will remain in the same state or local area as adults, the local economy benefits: more persons with better skills attract business, which provides more and better jobs for the local economy. Bartik measures ratios of local economic development benefits to costs for both early childhood education and business incentives. He shows that early childhood programs and the best-designed business incentives can provide local benefits that significantly exceed costs. Given this, states and municipalities would do well to adopt economic development strategies that balance high-quality business incentives with early childhood programs.
Download 1. Introduction (175 KB)
Download 7. Bringing the Future into the Present (411 KB)
Download 8. Who Benefits? Distributional Effects of Early Childhood Programs and Business Incentives (301 KB)
Download 10. The National Perspective: How Local Business Incentives and Early Childhood Programs Affect the National Economy (250 KB)
Download Appendices (418 KB)
Bartik, Timothy J. 2011. Investing in Kids: Early Childhood Programs and Local Economic Development. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Appendices added as supplemental files
978-0-88099-373-9 (cloth) ; 978-0-88099-372-2 (pbk.)
EDUCATION; Early childhood; Preschool and early education; ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT; Regional policy and planning; Business and tax incentives