Status of Occupational Regulation: Evidence from Case Studies
Occupations face varying levels of state and government occupational regulation ranging from simple registration processes to certification permits and licensure laws. This study examines five occupations in various stages of occupational regulation development. The first chapter provides an overview and examines occupations that do not generally seek government regulations. Subsequent chapters examine detailed case studies of occupations at varying stages of governmental regulation – from lightly regulated, such as interior designers; to take-off stages of regulation, such as mortgage brokers and preschool teachers; to a mature stage of regulation that includes the construction trades; and finally occupations that are universally regulated by the states, such as dentists and hygienists. These professions are analyzed to establish whether there is a consistent model of stages of occupational growth and subsequent regulation or whether there is a local equilibrium for each separate occupation. The goal of this model development, gathering of new data on regulatory institutions, and empirical testing will be to inform the public and policymakers of the costs and benefits at each stage of regulation.