Publication Date



Upjohn Institute Technical Report No. 13-029




This study estimates the net impacts and private and social benefits and costs of 11 workforce development programs administered in Washington State. Six of the programs serve job-ready adults: Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Title I-B Adult programs, WIA Title I-B Dislocated Worker programs, Community and Technical College Job Preparatory Training, Community and Technical College Worker Retraining, Private Career Schools, and Apprenticeships. Three of the programs serve adults with employment barriers: Community and Technical College Adult Basic Skills Education, IBEST, and Division of Vocational Rehabilitation programs. The other two programs serve youth: WIA Title I-B Youth programs and Secondary Career and Technical Education.

Issue Date

February 2013, Revised December 2014


Workforce Training and Education Coordinating Board (WTECB) of the State of Washington

Subject Areas

EDUCATION; Postsecondary education; Adult education; Career and technical education; WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT; Labor exchange; Public training programs; WIA, JTPA, and CETA; On the job training; Apprenticeship training




Hollenbeck, Kevin M. and Wei-Jang Huang. 2014. "Net Impact and Benefit-Cost Estimates of the Workforce Development System in Washington State." Upjohn Institute Technical Report No. 13-029. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.