Publication Date



Upjohn Institute working paper ; 23-387




Job loss leads to persistent adverse labor market outcomes, but assessments of gender differences in labor market recovery are lacking. We utilize plant closures in Denmark to estimate gender gaps in labor market outcomes and document that women face an increased risk of unemployment and lose a larger share of their earnings in the two years following job displacement. When accounting for observable differences in human Capital across men and women, half of the gender gap in unemployment remains. In a standard decomposition framework, we document that child care imposes an important barrier to women’s labor market recovery regardless of individual characteristics.

Issue Date

August 2023


Upjohn project #58161

Subject Areas

Childcare; LABOR MARKET ISSUES; Job security and unemployment dynamics; Dislocated workers; Work and family balance; UNEMPLOYMENT, DISABILITY, and INCOME SUPPORT PROGRAMS; Unemployment insurance


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Ivandić, Ria and Anne Sophie Lassen. 2023. "Gender Gaps From Labor Market Shocks." Upjohn Institute Working Paper 23-387. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.