Public Employment Policy and Research
The first federal-state public employment program established in the United States was the Employment Service set up by the Wagner-Peyser Act of 1922 (Balducchi and O'Leary 2017). Public job training dates to Depression era programs, but the modern character was established by the Manpower Development Training Act of 1962. Public job training is now delivered under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014. Public programs for employment services job training, and related activities are all part of public employment policy and Upjohn Institute research includes this area. Examples of Upjohn research spanning an array of public employment programs are the Frontline Decision Support System (O'Leary and Eberts 2002) developed for Georgia with USDOL funding, and the welfare-to-work experiment (Eberts 1998) done in Kalamazoo with USDOL funding. This is an Upjohn Institute internally funded project to record research and policy development activities not specifically related to funded projects. Upjohn research staff are welcome to join Chris O'Leary on project activities that fit their interests.
UNEMPLOYMENT, DISABILITY, and INCOME SUPPORT PROGRAMS