Upjohn Institute Working Paper No. 09-150
In Investing in Kids: Early Childhood Programs and Local Economic Development, Timothy J. Bartik. 2011. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, pp. 175-217. Under title Bringing the Future into the Present: How Policymakers Should Deal with the Delayed Benefits of Early Childhood Programs
This is a draft of a chapter of a planned book, Preschool and Jobs: Human Development as Economic Development, and Vice Versa [subsequently published as Investing in Kids, 2011]. This chapter considers a problem with early childhood programs: their effects on earnings are mostly long-delayed. The delay occurs because most earnings effects are on former child participants. The chapter considers appropriate discounting of benefits and how the upfront costs of early childhood programs can be delayed or reduced. It also addresses how the long-run benefits of early childhood programs can be moved up or increased.
Bartik, Timothy J. 2009. "How Policymakers Should Deal with the Delayed Benefits of Early Childhood Programs." Upjohn Institute Working Paper No. 09-150. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Partially funded by Pew Charitable Trusts
EDUCATION; Early childhood; Preschool and early education; ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT; Regional policy and planning; Business and tax incentives