Fifty-eight percent of the workers enrolled in the Illinois Claimant Bonus experiment were eligible for 38 weeks of Unemployment Insurance (UI) benefits--26 weeks of state-regular benefits plus 12 weeks of Federal Supplemental Compensation (FSC). The other 42 percent were eligible for only 26 weeks of state-regular UI benefits. We find that the Claimant Bonus treatment--an offer of $500 in cash for rapid reemployment--reduced the duration of insured unemployment by about 1.8 weeks for workers who were eligible for 38 weeks of UI benefits, but by only about 0.75 week for the workers who were eligible for 26 weeks of UI. We specify a search/matching model for each of the two groups (FSC-eligible and -ineligible) and find that (a) the model predicts a far larger bonus impact for workers eligible for 38 weeks of benefits than for those eligible for 26 weeks, and (b) the model's quantitative predictions cannot be rejected by the data.
Earlier draft entitled "Job Matching and the Probability of Reemployment: Empirical Tests Using Experimental Data" prepared for North American Winter Meetings of the Econometric Society, Atlanta, GA, December 28-30, 1989
UNEMPLOYMENT, DISABILITY, and INCOME SUPPORT PROGRAMS; Unemployment insurance; Benefits and duration
Davidson, Carl, and Stephen A. Woodbury. 1991. "Effects of a Reemployment Bonus under Differing Benefit Entitlements, or, Why the Illinois Experiment Worked." Presented at the APPAM (Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management) Twelfth Annual Research Conference, San Francisco, CA, October 18-20.