Can Daddy Quotas Reduce the Gender Income Gap? Evidence from Canada

Publication Date


Grant Type

Early Career Research Award


In this project, I aim to assess whether daddy quotas – parental leave periods exclusively reserved for fathers – can reduce the gender income gap. For this purpose, I propose to study the progressive introduction of daddy quotas in Canada, using a difference-in-difference strategy and administrative data on earnings. First, I plan to estimate the aggregate effect of the policy on the gender income gap. Second, to gain a deeper understanding of the underlying mechanisms, I plan to estimate the effects on men’s and women’s labor market trajectories before and after childbirth. Finally, I plan to explore whether the magnitude of the effects depends on the institutional context, and, in particular, on the childcare system in place.