Employment Following a Criminal Record

Publication Date


Grant Type

Early Career Research Award


Substantial research suggests that lowering the barriers to employment following a criminal record could help break the reincarceration cycle (Visher, Winterfield, and Coggeshall 2005; Kolbeck, Bellair, and Lopez 2022). The State of Ohio introduced a certification program titled Certificates of Qualification for Employment (CQE) in 2012 as a tool to signal rehabilitative status. Although such certification programs exist in 16 states, much less is known about their rehabilitative effects. By leveraging individual-level CQE petition records, we implement a judge-IV estimation strategy to uncover the causal effect of obtaining a CQE on subsequent crime.