Title

Modeling First Year Stop Out of Kalamazoo Promise Scholars: Mapping Influences of Socioeconomic Advantage and Pre-College Performance to College Performance and Persistence

Upjohn Author ORCID Identifier

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1831-7175

Publication Date

10-27-2021

Source

Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice (July 2021)

Abstract

The Kalamazoo Promise (KPromise) is amongst the most well-known and generous tuition-free policies. This study advances the understanding of Promise student performance and persistence. We used a weighted-least square means and variance adjusted (WLSMV) SEM approach and k-nearest neighbors (k-NN) to deal with missing data. The main model suggested first-year college GPA (β = –.48) possessed the strongest effect on a first-year stop out followed by socioeconomic advantage (β = –.26), high school performance (β = –.25), immediate enrollment (β = –.22), and KPromise funding (β =.06). Model differences from 06–10 and 11–15 cohorts, illustrate that in the later cohorts socioeconomic advantage’s effect on a first-year stop out lessened.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1177/15210251211029631

Publisher

Sage Journals

Subject Areas

EDUCATION; Postsecondary education; Promise scholarships

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Citation

Collier, Daniel A. and Isabel McMullen. 2021. "Modeling First Year Stop Out of Kalamazoo Promise Scholars: Mapping Influences of Socioeconomic Advantage and Pre-College Performance to College Performance and Persistence." Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice (July). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/15210251211029631