Effects of Job Referrals on Labor Market Outcomes in Brazil

Upjohn Author ORCID Identifier


Publication Date



Economia 21(2): 157-186


This paper is the first to use program administrative data from Brazil’s National Employment System (SINE) to assess the impact of SINE job interview referrals on labor market outcomes. We use data from a five-year period (2012–16) to evaluate the impact of SINE job referrals on reemployment, time until reemployment, job tenure, and wage rates. Causal impact estimates based on propensity score matching suggest that a SINE job interview referral increases the probability of finding a job within three months of the referral and reduces the number of months needed to find reemployment, the average job tenure of the next job, and the reemployment wage. Subgroup analysis suggests that SINE is particularly effective at helping less educated workers find work in a timely fashion. Finally, the evidence suggests that the self-service online labor exchange is less effective than the in-person job interview referrals provided at SINE offices.




London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) Press

Subject Areas

LABOR MARKET ISSUES; Dislocated workers; Job search; Wages, health insurance and other benefits




O’Leary, Christopher, Túlio Cravo, Ana Cristina Sierra, and Leandro Justino. 2021. "Effects of Job Referrals on Labor Market Outcomes in Brazil." Economía LACEA Journal, 21(2): 157-186. https://doi.org/10.31389/eco.228