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Publication Date


Published Version

Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Vol. 7, No. 1, February 2009, p. 77-94 under title Evaluating Job Training in Two Chinese Cities


This study evaluates the effectiveness of training programs for workers retrenched from Chinese state-owned enterprises in the cities of Shenyang and Wuhan. A variety of impact estimators were applied, however ordinary least squares (OLS) controlling for observable characteristic s was robust. We find that training dampens reemployment prospects in Shenyang but improves them in Wuhan. Training impact estimates computed by propensity score and log odds ratio matching imposing various support condition rules, yielded estimates very similar to those from the OLS. The estimates suggest that participation in training reduces the probability of being employed one year after participation by about 6 percentage points in Shenyang, but increases the employment likelihood by about 8 percentage points in Wuhan. Among those who are reemployed, training does not have any effect on earnings.

Issue Date

March 2002


For the World Bank's Poverty Reduction and Economic Unit East Asia and Pacific Region

Subject Areas

INTERNATIONAL ISSUES; International labor comparisons; Program development and evaluation; WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT; Public training programs




Bidani, Benu, Chorching Goh, and Christopher J. O'Leary. 2002. "Has Training Helped Employ Xiagang in China? A Tale from Two Cities." Report for the World Bank's Poverty Reduction and Economic Unit East Asia and Pacific Region.