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This book reveals the impacts of occupational licensing on the economies of the United States and several EU countries. Kleiner provides a thorough examination of the costs and benefits of occupational licensing (OL). He offers an explanation for the growth of OL, defines the winners and losers in terms of earnings and the quality of services provided by licensees, compares the differing labor market and price impacts of OL in the United States and Europe, provides evidence on the overall net impacts of OL for society, and offers policy alternatives to OL.


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  1. Introduction and Overview
  2. Development of Occupational Licensing as a Labor Market Institution
  3. Quality and the Demand for Occupational Licensing
  4. Licensing, Labor Supply, and Earnings
  5. State Regulatory Policies and the Economy-wide Impacts of Licensing
  6. Comparing Licensing in the United States and the European Union
  7. The Emerging Labor Market Institution of Occupational Licensing


9780880992855 (cloth) ; 9780880992848 (pbk.) ; 9781429454865 (ebook)

Subject Areas

LABOR MARKET ISSUES; Occupational regulation and licensing

Licensing Occupations: Ensuring Quality or Restricting Competition?




Kleiner, Morris M. 2006. Licensing Occupations: Ensuring Quality or Restricting Competition? Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.

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Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.