Publication Date





Vroman warns that states are more at risk for insolvency in the late 1990s than they were in 1990 and that a repetition of widespread and large-scale borrowing of the past is a distinct possibility. He bases this statement on an empirical study that examines historical levels of states' UI trust fund balances between recessions, and the specific methods used to finance trust fund blanaces. These methods include traditional means of financing, tax-base indexing, state reserve funds, and "flexible" financing such as solvency taxes and legislative response mechanisms. In addition, he addresses the tradeoffs of financing UI debt by either borrowing from the U.S. Treasury or state bond issues.


Full Book PDF

Download Full Text (2.1 MB)

Download 1. The History of State UI Financing (1.5 MB)


  1. The History of State UI Financing
  2. Flexible Financing
  3. Tax-Base Indexing
  4. Financing Unemployment Insurance Debts
  5. State Reserve Funds


9780880991940 (cloth) ; 9780880991933 (pbk.) ; 9780585289694 (ebook)

Subject Areas

UNEMPLOYMENT, DISABILITY, and INCOME SUPPORT PROGRAMS; Unemployment insurance; Benefit financing

Topics in Unemployment Insurance Financing




Vroman, Wayne. 1998. Topics in Unemployment Insurance Financing. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.