Upjohn Institute working paper ; 14-212
In American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 7(2): 175-206
We exploit exogenous variation in legal status following the January 2007 European Union enlargement to estimate its effect on immigrant crime. We difference out unobserved time-varying factors by 1) comparing recidivism rates of immigrants from the “new” and “candidate” member countries and 2) using arrest data on foreign detainees released upon a mass clemency that occurred in Italy in August 2006. The timing of the two events allows us to set up a difference-in-differences strategy. Legal status leads to a 50 percent reduction in recidivism and explains one-half to two-thirds of the observed differences in crime rates between legal and illegal immigrants.
INTERNATIONAL ISSUES; Immigration
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Mastrobuoni, Giovanni and Paolo Pinotti. 2014. "Legal Status and the Criminal Activity of Immigrants." Upjohn Institute Working Paper 14-212. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. https://doi.org/10.17848/wp14-212