Publication Date



Upjohn Institute Working Paper No. 90-03




In Europe in recent times, bargaining between a leading nationally-based industrial union and a representative group of employers over the issues of employment, wages and working time has proved to be influential in a much wider industrial context. Adopting a generalized Nash bargaining approach, this paper considers the possible effects on such "key" bargains of several prominent labor market events and policies experienced since the middle 1970s. These include the impacts of OPEC supply shocks, changes in union power, greater emphasis on payroll taxes as well as growing government economic orthodoxy as expressed through the goal of a balanced budget.

Issue Date

September 1, 1990

Subject Areas

LABOR MARKET ISSUES; Employment relationships; Unions and collective bargaining


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Hart, Robert A. and Thomas Moutos. 1990. "Efficient Bargains in the Context of Recent Labor Market Experience and Policy." Upjohn Institute Working Paper No. 90-03. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.