Upjohn Author ORCID Identifier


Publication Date



Upjohn Institute Working Paper No. 95-33

**Published Version**

In Strategies for Economic Development in Management Policies in Local Government Finance, 4th ed., edited by J. Richard Aronson, Eli Schwartz. Washington, D.C.: International City/County Management Association, 1996, pp. [287]-311. Under title Strategies for Economic Development




This paper provides a guide to economic development policies for local government managers. Local economic development policies today include not only tax subsidies for branch plants, but also job training to provide workers to businesses, advice and support services for potential entrepreneurs, and extension services to help businesses modernize and export. To help local government managers, this paper suggests a number of guiding principles, including: local economic development should be pursued cooperatively across the local labor market; economic development programs should consider the quality of jobs created; tax subsidies are expensive per job created; development subsidies are more effective if the subsidy is frontloaded; high unemployment areas should be more aggressive than low unemployment areas in promoting job growth; many economic development services can be cheaply evaluated by business surveys.

Issue Date

January 1995

Subject Areas

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT; Local labor markets; Regional policy and planning; Business and tax incentives


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Bartik, Timothy J. 1995. "Economic Development Strategies." Upjohn Institute Working Paper No. 95-33. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. https://doi.org/10.17848/wp95-33