Upjohn Institute working paper ; 22-367
This paper studies the impact of the First Great Migration on children. We use the complete-count 1940 Census to estimate selection-corrected place effects on education for children of Black migrants. On average, Black children gained 0.8 years of schooling (12 percent) by moving from the South to the North. Many counties that had the strongest positive impacts on children during the 1940s offer relatively poor opportunities for Black youth today. Opportunities for Black children were greater in places with more schooling investment, stronger labor market opportunities for Black adults, more social capital, and less crime.
Upjohn project #58000
EDUCATION; K-12 Education; LABOR MARKET ISSUES
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Baran, Cavit, Eric Chyn, and Bryan A. Stuart. 2022. "The Great Migration and Educational Opportunity." Upjohn Institute Working Paper 22-367. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. https://doi.org/10.17848/wp22-367