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Publication Date



Upjohn Institute Working Paper No. 98-50

**Published Version**

In International Labour Review 137(3): 321-346
In Revue internationale du Travail 137(1998): 343-371
Also issued in Japanese: The Net Impact of Active Labour Programmes in Hungary and Poland, Christopher J. O'Leary, Piotr Kolodziejczyk, and Gyorgy Lazar. International Labour Review, Vol. 137(1998): 106-135.




To ease the hardship associated with worker dislocation and to maintain social stability during the transition to markets, the governments of Hungary and Poland provide labor force members with unemployment compensation and a variety of active labor programs (ALPs). Follow-up surveys of participants in retraining, public works, wage subsidies, self-employment, and comparison groups were done in Hungary and Poland in early 1997. Preliminary analysis suggests positive net impacts for most ALPs and additive benefits from the use of the employment service in both countries. Strong evidence of nonrandom assignment to programs means that great care should be used in interpreting the preliminary results and that further examination of the findings is necessary. Adjusted impact estimates for Hungary are provided, but supplementary data is needed from Poland to assess how representative the comparison groups are of the general population of registered unemployed workers.

Issue Date

October 1997


Prepared for Conference on Labor Markets in Transition Economies, The William Davidson Institute, School of Business, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Preliminary results presented in earlier papers given at a project steering committee meeting hosted by the Czech Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Prague, June, 1997


Paper based on work done under a grant from the International Labor Affairs Bureau of the U.S. Dept. of Labor.

Subject Areas

INTERNATIONAL ISSUES; International labor comparisons; Program development and evaluation; UNEMPLOYMENT, DISABILITY, and INCOME SUPPORT PROGRAMS; Unemployment insurance; WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT; Labor exchange; Public training programs


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O'Leary, Christopher J. 1997. "Preliminary Evidence on Impacts of Active Labor Programs in Hungary and Poland." Upjohn Institute Working Paper No. 98-50. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. https://doi.org/10.17848/wp98-50