Publication Date



Upjohn Institute Working Paper No. 02-82

**Published Version**

In Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 60(4): 471-489




The paper reviews theories of information technology adoption and organizational form and applies them to an empirical analysis of firm choices and characteristics in four transition economies: Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia. We argue that these economies have gone through two major structural changes – one concerning technology and another concerning ownership and boundaries of firms – and we consider if and how each of the two structural changes has affected the other. We test the impact of firm size, integration, and ownership on the extent of new information technology adoption (measured by growth in the fraction of employees using personal computers or computer controlled machinery), and the impact of information technology on changes in the boundaries and the ownership structure of enterprises, drawing upon a sample survey of 330 firms.

Issue Date

Revised June 2004


Research supported by European Union's Phare Action for Cooperation in Economics (ACE) Programme 1998 and by Central European University.

Subject Areas

INTERNATIONAL ISSUES; International labor comparisons; Transition economies


Get in touch with the expert

Want to arrange to discuss this work with the author(s)? Contact our .



Earle, John S., Ugo Pagano, and Maria Lesi. 2002. "Information Technology, Organizational Form, and Transition to the Market." Upjohn Institute Working Paper No. 02-82. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.