Publication Date



This paper examines three types of KPS trends that may represent Promise effects: 1) trends in overall enrollment, 2) trends in relative enrollment by ethnic group, and 3) trends in KPS achievement on the standardized test used by the state of Michigan for No Child Left Behind accountability, the Michigan Educational Assessment Program (MEAP) test.

Issue Date

June 16-18, 2010

Subject Areas

EDUCATION; K-12 Education; Postsecondary education; Postsecondary access; Promise scholarships

tb10kpea1.pdf (276 kB)
PowerPoint presentation




Bartik, Timothy J., Randall Eberts, and Wei-Jang Huang. "The Kalamazoo Promise, and Enrollment and Achievement Trends in Kalamazoo Public Schools." Presented at the PromiseNet 2010 Conference, June 16-18, Kalamazoo, MI.